Refueling an electric vehicle is as simple as plugging in to an electric outlet so the vehicle’s battery can recharge. An electric vehicle can be recharged at night with affordable electricity that costs the equivalent of $1.20 to $1.50 per gallon of gas. Driving on electricity can help many households save money on fuel since electricity costs less than fossil fuels like gas and diesel.
There are three different “levels” of charging that EV drivers can access today:
Level 1: 3-5 miles of charge per hour; a standard household 120V outlet is the most affordable way to provide an overnight charge for drivers who average less than 50 miles/day. Level one can also be a solution for workplaces where cars are parked for many hours per day.
Level 2: 10-50 miles of charge per hour; the preferred option for faster home charging, workplace and public destination stations. Utility programs can provide funding to install residential or workplace Level 2 chargers.
Level 3: Direct-current (DC) fast charging. The current generation of 50-125 kW DC fast chargers deliver 90-200 miles’ worth of charge in 30 minutes – about the time it takes to have a quick lunch. Next generation fast chargers are starting to be installed that will charge future EVs with 200 miles of range in as little as 10 minutes.